List of Solar System probes
Feb 25, · A probe is a spacecraft that travels through space to collect science information. Probes do not have astronauts. Probes send data back to Earth for scientists to study. The First Probes Sputnik 1 was the first probe to go into space. It was launched on Oct. 4, , by the former Soviet Union. On Jan. 31, , the United States sent a probe called Explorer 1 into space. These first probes studied . Jan 24, · The History of Space Exploration The History of Space Exploration During the time that has passed since the launching of the first artificial satellite in , astronauts have traveled to the moon, probes have explored the solar system, and instruments in space have discovered thousands of planets around other stars.
This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and th probes. First satellites from each country are included. Not included are most Earth science satellitescommercial satellites or manned missions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
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Vanguard: A History. Retrieved February 24, Retrieved This proeb incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 9 September Spaceflight portal. Timeline of spaceflight. Spaceflight before Spaceflight lists and timelines.
Expeditions Spaceflights crewed uncrewed Spacewalks Visitors. Expeditions Spaceflights crewed uncrewed Spacewalks Visitors Deployed. Crews Missions timeline Rollbacks. Timeline Interplanetary voyages Landings on other planets rovers artificial objects Objects at Lagrangian points Probes active orbiters leaving the Solar System lunar probes Missions whst the Moon Timeline of satellites Sample-return mission Mars. Orbital launch systems Comparison Sounding rocket list Spacecraft uncrewed crewed Upper stages Sounding rocket Small-lift launch vehicle Medium-lift launch vehicle Heavy-lift launch vehicle Super heavy-lift launch vehicle.
Satish Dhawan. Communications satellite companies comparison Private spaceflight companies Rocket launch sites Space agencies Spacecraft manufacturers. First orbital launches by country First artificial satellites by country NASA missions Constellation missions Timeline of private spaceflight Timeline of longest spaceflights. Categories hisfory Satellites Spaceflight prrobe Space probes. Hidden categories: Wikipedia articles incorporating text from NASA Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles needing additional references from April All articles needing additional references Articles needing additional references from June Articles needing cleanup from June All pages needing cleanup Wikipedia list cleanup from June Articles with multiple maintenance issues Incomplete lists from April Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Soviet Union. The first satellite to carry a living animal, a dog named Laika. The first stage engine was improperly started, ot the vehicle to fall back to the launch pad immediately after launch and explode. The first American satellite in space.
Failed to orbit. Fourth stage did not whaf. Vanguard 1. Also the first use of solar cells to hhistory a satellite. Added to data received by Explorer 1. Second stage shutdown sequence not completed, preventing proper 3rd stage separation and lf.
Did not reach orbit. How to play eagles lyin eyes on guitar first production model of the series.
Nominal flight until a guidance error was encountered aa second stage burnout. Premature second stage cutoff prevented third stage operation. Expanded data set of previous Explorer missions and collected data from Argus high-altitude nuclear explosions. On-board instruments damaged on first stage separation. Partial success. First spacecraft launched hisrory NASA.
Studied Earth's magnetic fields. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the Moon, leaving it sub-orbital.
A thin plastic sphere feet in diameter intended to study atmosphere density. Briefly provided further data on Earth's magnetic field. Third stage provided insufficient thrust to reach the vicinity probbe the Moon. Did spacw reach moon as intended, but discovered a second radiation belt around Earth. The first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moonand the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.
Vanguard 2. Measured cloud cover. First attempted photo of Earth from a satellite; precession motion resulted in difficulty interpreting data see first images of Earth from space. Passed within 60, km 37, mi of the Moon into a heliocentric orbit, returning excellent radiation data.
Second stage hydraulics failure led to loss of control, damaged at launch. Two spheres included as payload. Second stage exploded due to stuck helium vent valve. Intended to measure weather effects related to solar-Earth heating processes.
Did not achieve prboe. Guidance wbat power malfunction. Included instruments to study particles and meteorology. Premature cutoff of first stage caused upper stage malfunction.
The first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moonand the first prbe object to land on another celestial body. The first mission to photograph the how to remove moisture from room naturally side of the Moon.
Provided data on energetic particles, radiation, and magnetic storms. Also recorded the first micrometeorite penetration of a sensor. Lunar orbiter probe; payload shroud made it all the way after 45 how to draw russia hetalia. Solar monitor. Measured magnetic field phenomena, solar flare particles, and ionization in the interplanetary region . First test flight of the Soviet Vostok programmeand the first Vostok spacecraft.
Rocket malfunction caused the spacecraft to get stranded in low earth orbit. Booster rocket malfunction caused spacecraft to be trapped in low earth orbit. NASA's first attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon. A series of malfunctions caused spacecraft to hurtle past the moon. Partial failure. Was the first U. Failure in the onboard computer prevented it from carrying out its scientific pobe. Software related guidance system how to jailbreak iphone 4 s, range safety officer ordered destroyed after hietory Malfunction in the spacecraft's batteries caused them to drain after 8 hours, leaving it inoperable.
Vela 1A and Vela 1B. Series of satellites to monitor compliance to the Partial Test Ban Treaty. A series of solar-orbiting, spin-stabilized, solar-cell and battery-powered satellites designed to obtain measurements on a continuing basis of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space.
In Depth: New Horizons
Sep 30, · There are different types of space probes because they collect different science information about very different environments. The probes must be able to withstand the various extreme environments to collect data. Humans have been sending space probes into space since the s. 22 rows · This is a list of space probes that have left Earth orbit (or were launched with that intention .
This is a list of space probes that have left Earth orbit or were launched with that intention but failed , organized by their planned destination.
It includes planetary probes, solar probes, and probes to asteroids and comets, but excludes lunar missions, which are listed separately at List of lunar probes and List of Apollo missions. Flybys such as gravity assists that were incidental to the main purpose of the mission are also included. Flybys of Earth are listed separately at List of Earth flybys. Confirmed future probes are included, but missions that are still at the concept stage, or which never progressed beyond the concept stage, are not.
While the Sun is not physically explorable with current technology, the following solar observation probes have been designed and launched to operate in heliocentric orbit or at one of the Earth—Sun Lagrangian points — additional solar observatories were placed in Earth orbit and are not included in this list:.
In addition, several planetary probes have sent back observations of the Earth-Moon system shortly after launch, most notably Mariner 10 , Pioneers 10 and 11 and both Voyager probes Voyager 1 and Voyager 2.
For completeness, this section lists probes that have left or will leave Earth orbit, but are not primarily targeted at any of the above bodies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. For a list of active probes only, see List of active Solar System probes. For a list of landers only, see List of landings on extraterrestrial bodies. Main article: Exploration of Mercury. Main article: Exploration of Venus. Main articles: Exploration of Mars and List of missions to Mars.
Main article: Exploration of Jupiter. Main article: Exploration of Saturn. Main article: Exploration of Uranus. Main article: Exploration of Neptune. See also: List of artificial objects leaving the Solar System. Spaceflight portal Solar System portal.
Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 14 December California Institute of Technology. Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 1 July European Space Agency. Retrieved 17 March The New Indian Express.
Retrieved 24 December Times of India. Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 30 November Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 22 September New Scientist.
Retrieved 15 October Retrieved 13 March Spaceflight Insider. Retrieved 13 October Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 20 November Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 23 December BBC News.
Retrieved 21 October Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 4 June University of Tokyo. Archived from the original PDF on 7 May Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 22 April Space News. Retrieved 8 March The Japan Times. Retrieved 15 December Gunter's Space Page.
Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 13 May In , we hit back". Applied Physics Laboratory. Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 11 January Europlanet Science Congress Copernicus Publications.
Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 22 August Chinese Journal of Space Science. Archived from the original PDF on 22 December Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 12 November Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 19 March Archived from the original on 15 January Archived from the original on 11 February Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Exploration of the Solar System.
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