What is the definition of hardware in a computer

what is the definition of hardware in a computer

Computer hardware

May 07,  · Hardware Definition. Hardware is a set of components that make up the material (physical) part of a computer, unlike software that refers to logical (intangible) components. However, the concept is usually understood more broadly and the use of it names all the physical elements of technology. In the case of computer science and personal computers, the hardware . Dec 05,  · Computer hardware refers to the physical parts of a computer and related devices. Internal hardware devices include motherboards, hard drives, and RAM. External hardware devices include monitors, keyboards, mice, printers, and scanners. The internal hardware parts of a computer are often referred to as components, while external hardware devices are usually called peripherals.

Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computersuch as the case[1] central processing unit CPUmonitormousekeyboardcomputer data storagegraphics cardsound cardspeakers and motherboard. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware.

Hardware is so-termed because it is " hard " or rigid with respect to changes, whereas software is "soft" because it is easy to change. Hardware is typically directed by the software to execute any command or instruction. A combination of hardware and software forms a usable computing system, although other systems exist with only hardware. The template for all modern computers is the Von Neumann architecturedetailed in a paper by Hungarian mathematician John von Neumann.

This describes fomputer design architecture what is the definition of hardware in a computer an electronic digital computer with subdivisions of a processing unit consisting of an arithmetic logic unit and processor registersa control unit containing an instruction register and program countera memory to store both data and instructionsexternal mass storageand input and output mechanisms.

This wjat referred to as the Von Neumann bottleneck and how to use ustream producer limits the performance of the system. The personal computer is one of the most common types of computer due to its or and relatively low price.

Desktop personal computers have a monitora keyboarda mouseand a computer case. The computer case holds the motherboardfixed or removable disk drives for data storage, the power supply, and may contain other peripheral devices such as modems or network interfaces. Some models of desktop computers integrated the monitor and keyboard into the same case as the processor and power supply.

Separating the elements allows the user to arrange the components in a pleasing, comfortable array, at the th of managing power and data cables between them. Laptops are designed for portability but operate similarly to desktop PCs. The monitor in the folding upper cover of the case can be closed for transportation, to protect the screen and keyboard.

Instead of a mouse, laptops computeg have a touchpad or pointing stick. Tablets are portable computer that uses a touch screen as the primary input device. Tablets generally weigh less hadrware are smaller than laptops. Some tablets include fold-out keyboards, or offer connections to separate oc keyboards. Some models of laptop computers have a detachable keyboard, which allows the system to be configured what is siblings in spanish a touch-screen tablet.

They are sometimes called "2-in-1 detachable laptops" or "tablet-laptop hybrids". The computer case encloses most of the components of the system. It provides mechanical support and protection for internal elements such as the motherboard, disk drives, and power supplies, and controls and directs the flow of cooling air over internal components.

The case is also part of the system to control electromagnetic interference radiated by the computer and protects internal parts from electrostatic defonition. Large tower cases provide definotion for multiple disk drives or other peripherals and usually stand on the floor, while desktop cases provide less expansion room.

All-in-one style designs include a video display built hardwarf the same case. Portable and laptop computers require cases comptuer provide impact protection deefinition the unit. Hobbyists may decorate the cases with ij lights, paint, or other features, in an activity called case modding.

Laptops can run on built-in rechargeable battery. The motherboard is the main component of a computer. It is a board with integrated circuitry that connects the other parts of the computer including the CPUthe RAMthe disk drives CDDVDdefinitiin diskor any others as well as any peripherals connected via the ports or the expansion slots.

An expansion card in computing is whar printed circuit board that can be inserted into an expansion slot of a computer motherboard or backplane to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus. Expansion cards can be used to obtain or expand on features not offered by the motherboard. A storage device is any computing hardware and digital media that is computeer for storing, porting and extracting data files definitioh objects.

It can hold and store information both temporarily and permanently and can be internal or external to a computer, server or any similar computing device. Data storage is a core function and fundamental component of computers.

Data is cefinition by a computer using computr variety of media. Hard disk drives HDDs are found in virtually all older computers, due to their high capacity and low cost, but solid-state drives SSDs are faster and more power efficient, although currently more expensive how to edit wordpress html hard drives in terms of dollar per gigabyte, [10] so are often found in personal computers built post Some systems may use a disk array controller for greater performance or reliability.

Their usefulness depends on being readable by other systems; the majority of machines have an optical disk drive ODDand virtually all have at least one Universal Serial Bus USB port.

Input and output devices are typically housed externally to the main computer chassis. The following are either standard or very common to many tne systems. Input devices allow the user to enter information into the system, or control its operation. Most personal computers have a mouse and keyboardbut laptop systems typically use a touchpad instead of a mouse.

Other input devices include webcamsmicrophonesjoysticksand image scanners. Dhat devices are designed around the senses of human beings.

For example, monitors display text that can be read, speakers produce sound that can be heard. A mainframe computer is a much larger computer that typically fills a room and may cost many hundreds or thousands of times as much as a personal computer. They are designed to perform large numbers of calculations for governments and large enterprises. In the s and s, more and more departments started to use cheaper and dedicated systems for specific purposes like process control and laboratory automation.

A minicomputeror colloquially miniis a class of smaller computers hte was developed in the mids [13] [14] and sold for much less than mainframe [15] and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.

A supercomputer is superficially similar to a mainframe but is instead intended for extremely demanding computational tasks. The term dfinition does not refer to a specific technology.

Rather it indicates the fastest computations available at any given time. Supercomputers are fast but extremely costly, so they are generally used by large organizations to execute computationally demanding tasks involving large data sets. Supercomputers typically run military and scientific applications. Although costly, they are also being used for commercial applications where huge amounts of data must ot analyzed.

For example, large banks employ supercomputers to calculate the risks and returns of various investment strategies, and healthcare organizations ov them hardwar analyze giant databases of patient data to determine optimal treatments for various diseases and problems incurring to the what is the definition of hardware in a computer. When using computer hardware, an upgrade means adding new or additional hardware to a computer that improves its performance, increases its capacity, or adds new features.

For example, a user could perform a hardware upgrade to replace the hard drive with a faster one or a Solid State Drive SSD to get a boost in performance. The user may also install more How to prepare images for large format printing Access Memory RAM so the computer can store additional temporary data, or retrieve such data at a faster rate.

The user may add a USB 3. Definiition such hardware upgrades may be necessary for aged computers to meet a new, or updated program's system requirements. Global revenue from computer hardware in reached billion Euros. Because computer parts harfware hazardous materials, there is a growing movement to recycle old and outdated parts.

According to the EPA haedware e-wastes have a harmful effect on the environment unless they are disposed of properly. Making hardware requires energy, and recycling parts will reduce air pollutionwater pollution, as well as greenhouse gas emissions.

Legislation makes it mandatory to recycle computers through the government approved facilities. Recycling a definihion can be made easier by taking out certain reusable parts. Many materials used in computer hardware can be recovered by recycling for use in future production.

Reuse of tinsiliconironaluminiumand a variety of plastics that are present in bulk in computers or other electronics can reduce the costs of constructing new systems.

Components frequently contain coppergoldtantalum[19] [20] silverplatinumpalladiumand lead as well as other valuable materials suitable for reclamation. The central processing unit contains many toxic materials. It contains lead and chromium in the metal plates. Resistors, semi-conductors, infrared detectors, stabilizers, cables, and wires how to find somebodys ip address cadmium.

Thw circuit boards coomputer a computer contain mercury, and chromium. When e-waste byproducts leach into groundwater, are burned, or get mishandled during recycling, it causes harm. Health problems associated with such toxins include impaired mental development, cancer, and damage to the lungs, liver, and kidneys.

Different companies have different techniques to recycle a wire. For example, definitin, each of the parts are taken apart then all of the inner parts get separated and placed into its own bin. Computer components contain many toxic substances, like dioxinspolychlorinated biphenyls PCBscadmiumcom;uterradioactive isotopes and mercury. A typical 15 inch 38 cm computer monitor may contain 1.

Thr of computer hardware is considered environmentally friendly because it prevents hazardous waste, including heavy metals and carcinogens, from entering the atmosphere, landfill or waterways. While electronics consist a small fraction of total waste generated, they are far more dangerous. There is stringent legislation designed to enforce and encourage the sustainable disposal of appliances, the most notable being the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive of the European Union and the United States National Computer Recycling Act.

As computer hardware contain a wide number of metals inside, the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA encourages the collection and recycling of computer hardware. Generically, the term refers to the process of collecting, brokering, disassembling, repairing and recycling the components or xomputer contained in used or discarded electronic equipment, otherwise known as electronic waste e-waste.

Recycling a computer is made easier by a few of the national services, such as Dell and Apple. Both companies will take back the computer of their make or any other make.

Otherwise a computer can be donated to Computer Aid International which is an organization that recycles and refurbishes old computers for hospitals, schools, universities, etc. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Physical components of a computer. Main articles: Von Neumann architecture and Stored-program computer. Main article: Computer case. Main article: Power supply unit. Main article: Motherboard. Main article: Expansion card. Main article: Computer data storage.

Main article: Peripheral.

Navigation menu

Quite simply, computer hardware is the physical components that a computer system requires to function. It encompasses everything with a circuit board that operates within a PC or laptop; including the motherboard, graphics card, CPU (Central Processing Unit), ventilation fans, . The definition of computer hardware are the physical pieces that make up a computer including the monitor, keyboard, and CPU. An example of computer hardware is the motherboard of the computer. Sep 05,  · Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. This includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. It also includes all the parts inside the computer case.

Computer hardware refers to the physical parts of a computer and related devices. Internal hardware devices include motherboards , hard drives , and RAM. External hardware devices include monitors , keyboards, mice, printers, and scanners.

The internal hardware parts of a computer are often referred to as components , while external hardware devices are usually called peripherals. Together, they all fall under the category of computer hardware. Software , on the other hand, consists of the programs and applications that run on computers. Because software runs on computer hardware, software programs often have system requirements that list the minimum hardware required for the software to run.

This page contains a technical definition of Hardware. It explains in computing terminology what Hardware means and is one of many hardware terms in the TechTerms dictionary. All definitions on the TechTerms website are written to be technically accurate but also easy to understand. If you find this Hardware definition to be helpful, you can reference it using the citation links above. If you think a term should be updated or added to the TechTerms dictionary, please email TechTerms!

Subscribe to the TechTerms Newsletter to get featured terms and quizzes right in your inbox. You can choose to receive either a daily or weekly email. We just sent you an email to confirm your email address.

Once you confirm your address, you will begin to receive the newsletter. First Name:. Last Name:. Thank You We just sent you an email to confirm your email address.

If you have any questions, please contact us.



More articles in this category:
<- How to sew kitchen towels - How often are dogs supposed to get rabies shots->

3 thoughts on “What is the definition of hardware in a computer

  1. Tygozahn Reply

    Vercingetorix is too mainstream. take a guy who noone knows.

  2. Kaktilar Reply

    But it does not show the same when we click AutoCAD in Certified User. It is showing differently. could you please help me with that

Add a comment

Your email will not be published.. Required fields are marked *