How To Write A Psychology Case Study?
A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event. In a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject's life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes of behavior. Case studies can be used in a variety of fields including psychology, medicine, education, anthropology, political science, and . Case Study Analysis #1. In this Case Study Analysis, Bob is a year-old Native-American man who comes to you with his wife of 15 years. He appears agitated and complains that he feels anxious. His wife reports that Bob has had a lot of trouble sitting still, frequently jumping up and pacing.
Therefore, it is worthwhile to approach with maximum responsibility and attentiveness to writing a paper, which to a certain extent can be called scientific work. Conducting a case study in psychology differs from writing works on other subjects. Psychology in itself is a complex and ambiguous science. It is worth taking into account the fact that even a clear and unanimously accepted definition of the subject is still not developed in a framework of this science.
This leads to the fact that there is no clear definition of a case study in psychology. In general, it can be characterized as an analysis of a narrow and undeveloped topic relying on a particular psychological phenomenon. A number of contradictory methods and ubiquitous opportunities for discussions and scientific disputes cause some problems with case studies in psychology.
Moreover, a psychology case study is very often subjective. The student is forced to turn not only to theory but also to his own point of view on certain aspects of the human psyche. Nevertheless, observance of certain rules will help to write this paper as quickly as possible, and also overcome the main difficulties arising in the process of research.
Conducting a first scientific work is not so difficult if writing it according to plan, clearly adhering to a certain structure. One of the most important tasks is the correct writing of the introduction of a case study in psychology, which is almost the most difficult part of the whole work. The main difficulty lies in the competent specification of 5 fundamentally important parameters:.
It is important to initially understand the difference between the object and the subject of research. The first is the scientific field of science, in which a specific research will be conducted. The second is a certain aspect of this area that is being developed. For example, a human person may be the object of psychological research, and the subject is a specific theory of personality. The relevance of the work is determined by the level of its development at the moment and the need for further research from the point of view of the development of psychology as a science.
For example, works on old theories of personality are not relevant today, but there is a sense in detailed researches of the newest theories, especially if they have not been sufficiently studied. The purpose of any scientific work is to study the subject of research. To fulfill all the tasks set and to achieve the research goal, a working hypothesis is used.
It is the basic assumption, whose fidelity and capacity is verified during the research. The very course of the study is described in the main part of the case study, which must include 2 chapters:. The last one is how to analyze a case study in psychology important for a case study on psychology. This how to make cordage in the wild uses various methods to collect scientific information.
However, the specificity of the human psyche as an object of investigation leaves its imprint on the possibilities of using this or that method, and on its effectiveness. The Scientific experiment is the main case study method psychology, which involves conducting special training, interviews, and tests among the subjects. This part finally determines whether the initial working hypothesis has been confirmed. Annexes may even exceed the volume of work. The specificity of psychological research involves the use of special tables and graphs, as well what size wakeboard to get questionnaires, which are necessarily placed in the annexes to the course.
In addition, the student who conducted the surveys should provide the questionnaires of all the subjects. Despite the fact a student may face various problems while conducting such type of work, there are some advantages of a case study in psychology:.
Of course, the performance of a good psychological research is a rather complicated and time-consuming task, but such a paper will gain a certain scientific value and, therefore, will deserve a high appreciation. Welcome to the world of case studies that can bring you high grades! Here, at ACaseStudy. I'm Anna. Would you like to get a custom how do you access your photos on icloud study?
How about receiving a customized one? Features of Psychology as a Scientific Discipline Psychology in itself is a complex and ambiguous science. The Main Stages to Follow Study of the state of the problem literary review.
Development or refinement of the general initial research concept construction of the model of the phenomenon of interest. Development of hypotheses. Planning a case study research psychology. Definition of goals what is a shareholder rights plan objectives.
Choice of methods and techniques. Data collection and factual description. Data processing. Evaluation of results, interpretation of the results of the researched concept. Correlation of results with concepts and theories. Formulation of general conclusions. Assessing the prospects for further development of the problem. In the most general form, the structure of this paper is as follows: Introduction; The main part theoretical and practical sections ; Conclusion; List of used literature; One of the most important tasks is the correct writing of the introduction of a case study in psychology, which is almost the most difficult part of the whole work.
The main difficulty lies in the competent specification of 5 fundamentally important parameters: Object and subject of research; Relevance of the research topic; The main purpose of the work; Tasks assigned to achieve the goal of the work; Working hypotheses. The very course of the study is described in the main part of the case study, which must include 2 chapters: Theoretical review of the literature on this subject; Research part. How to Write a Case Study Analysis.
Personal bias or stereotypes
In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past (i.e. retrospective), as well as to significant events which are currently occurring in his or her everyday life. In general, it can be characterized as an analysis of a narrow and undeveloped topic relying on a particular psychological phenomenon.A number of contradictory methods and ubiquitous opportunities for discussions and scientific disputes cause some problems with case studies in niceloveme.comer, a psychology case study is very often subjective. The case study analysis can be broken down into the following steps: Identify the most important facts surrounding the case. Identify the key issue or issues. Specify alternative courses of action.
He appears agitated and complains that he feels anxious. His wife reports that Bob has had a lot of trouble sitting still, frequently jumping up and pacing. While he has been this way throughout their marriage, it is getting increasingly worse. Bob tells you that he is a lot like his abusive father, who died of alcoholism.
The wife tells you that the children are frightened when Bob gets agitated as he has punched holes in walls. You notice the wife looks frightened when you ask her if she feels the children are safe in the home. The Diagnosis must be in concordance with outside assistance which will primarily come from the medication prescriber.
To begin with this Case Study Analysis, I utilize the information that I am given to explore possible problems and to get an idea of the disorder that the person might be suffering if there is one. I use the DSM-5 to help guide me in this area.
From American Psychiatric Association, I have options in what disorder this may be. I have to use this and outside information to help. There may be components of PTSD but there is not a specific incident that is showing up as causal. I would reserve this as more information comes forth. The fact that the clients father suffered from similar issues leads me to believe that there is a genetic component.
Some pharmacological interventions that have been known to work with GAD when the etiology is either psychogenic or biological are certain antidepressants. The client is a Native American Male aged 47 presenting with symptoms of anxiety and agitation. In looking through my own lens of bias I must attempt to understand the person from his own perspective.
This is important so that I do not solely look at the client from my cultural viewpoint. I also realize that I have a bias in regard to the workings of the mental health system.
One other important area in Case Study Analysis is that I recognize is my stereotypes. I have the idea that the native population is affected by alcoholism and addiction more so than my culture of European American. This stereotype is born from a lack of understanding and knowledge of the native populations.
I really want to be aware of this view so that it does not cloud my judgement and impede the work that I must do. Although I believe that the system does well enough to assist in guiding therapy through the use of diagnostic tools, I also believe that the tools have been primarily geared from their outset to deal with Euro-American populations.
This is cultural and ethical concern that is addressed in the ethical guidelines specifically in American Psychological Association, 9. The concern is the potential bias of majority cultural values built in to the assessment devices.
I want to take care to introduce the Native American view into this context. There may be a legal issue in that when asked, the mother seemed to be frightened when the topic of harm to the children was discussed. I will need to watch carefully for any signs of abuse and to delve further into this topic from the basis of her initial response. In this Case Study Analysis, I would also look at the types of treatments that have been shown to be beneficial that are also using psychopharmacological interventions.
From Rosnick et al. In this case I would have to use information provided by the primary prescriber but I will assume this stance for now. CBT such as psychoeducation, group therapy and also cognitive reframing could be very beneficial in this area.
The most current mindfulness practices could also be administered to alleviate symptoms of the obsessive thoughts that often trigger GAD symptoms. In general one way to measure stress which can lead to anxiety is through measuring levels of cortisol in the blood stream. In Rosnick et al. Coordination of treatment using the information from the prescriber of pharmacological interventions is quite important. Once the proper diagnosis is made, then both types of treatment should happen concurrently.
In this way the therapist has the best chance to have the most effect on the client. In this case there are areas of culture, bias and stereotype to be addressed. In the end the treatment can be the best care possible. In this Case Study Analysis, Steven is a 7-year-old Asian-American first grade student brought to treatment by his mother. He has been disruptive in class.
His teacher and the school counselor are strongly urging that Steven be put on medication for ADHD, but his mother is reluctant to do so. Steven is described as exceptionally gifted and appears bored in the classroom. His mother tells you that Steven is impatient and rageful to his younger sisters at home. She is afraid Steven is taking after his abusive father, who no longer lives in the home due to domestic violence. She tells you that their father is allowed to visit the children in the home under her supervision.
Steven, a 7 year old Asian American presents with disruptive class behavior and impatience and rage at home. His father was abusive and Steven is allowed to see his father but only under supervision. Some of the diagnostic possibilities for this presentation happen as a result of the fact that there are issues occurring in both the home and the school. This is occurring. This may be something to consider for diagnostic reasons. Importance in ADHD diagnosis in a child so young comes mainly with the debate about psychopharmacology.
There may be a chemical imbalance that can progressively cause further impairments. I have to look at my own personal bias, stereotypes or cultural beliefs in order to ensure that they are not getting in the way of my diagnosis. Although Steven is not of the same ethnicity as myself I see that this is not one of my main concerns.
One bias that I do not want to interfere with treatment avenues is that he is very young. I have to really watch out for this. I have often thought that in a young person it is not good to give them medication. I also think that diagnosis should be reserved in young children because these disorders are over diagnosed.
The stereotype then is that all children should be kept from medications. This may not be the case. I have to see this objectively. I have to trust that the prescriber of possible medications and other professionals know what is best. An issue in regard to diagnosis is that the assessments be culturally relevant. There must be psychometric evidence that has come from administration that has been made individually.
I have to keep in mind that Steven is of Japanese decent and that this could be a factor in his testing American Psychiatric Association, Another area that can be looked at is where the information is coming from. Perhaps with a Japanese culture there is a measure of respect that must happen. In this case the context of Stevens rage and impatience with is siblings may not be as serious as reported by the mother.
The mother does not want the child to be on medications. The ethical concern is that I have to balance the mothers concerns with treatment. The client has the right to choose treatment and in this case the clients is represented by the mother. The ethics involve informed consent American Psychological Association, Courts do not normally put restrictions for visitation on persons who have not had problems with the law.
This may be an area of concern as well as with diagnosis. This issues has to be explored further. The most widely used treatment is to combine therapeutic interventions in conjunction with medications that are psychostimulants.
In Pelham et al. One of the best treatments is to combine these modalities but to adjust doses of both medication and therapy. This makes the treatment far more individual and has greater success.
In this Case Study Analysis, Melinda is an exceptionally bright, year-old African-American young woman, in her first year at a state college. Both parents accompany her to your office. Melinda is a 17 year old college student who presents with bizarre delusions of the persecutory type. She recently returned home from college on spring break. Because of the type of delusions and the time frame the possible diagnoses would be one of the following, brief psychotic disorder, delusional disorder, delirium or schizophrenia.
In this Case Study Analysis, in order for this problem to be diagnosed as schizophrenia, there has to be at least two symptoms one of which must be delusions. The symptoms must impair social functioning.
There is currently only one of these so until further, this diagnosis cannot be given. In order for a delirium diagnosis there has to be a physiological response from another condition. There is not current evidence this is the case. One of the key elements of brief psychotic disorder is that there is a return to baseline normal behavior and that the situation not last for more than a month. Until such time that Melinda returns to baseline behavior the diagnosis for this would be difficult American Psychiatric Association, The most plausible diagnosis is delusional disorder.
Although the time frame is difficult, there is presence of delusions, it does not appear to be schizophrenia and the delusions are of the persecutory type with bizarre content. Etiology is left to guess at this point. The diagnosis of one of the Schizophrenia Spectrum disorders presumes a physiological response to either substance or medical condition. I have been attempting to look at my own personal bias to ensure a proper diagnosis.