What Are Common Symptoms of Autoimmune Disease?
Common Autoimmune Disease Symptoms. Despite the varying types of autoimmune disease, many of them share similar symptoms. Common symptoms of autoimmune disease include: Fatigue; Joint pain and swelling; Skin problems; Abdominal pain or digestive issues; Recurring fever; Swollen glands; Many women say it’s hard to get diagnosed, something that Orbai agrees with. Jun 20, · 10 Signs You May Have an Autoimmune Disease. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, especially a combination of several of them, you may have an autoimmune disease. 4. Joint pain, muscle pain or weakness, or a tremor; Weight loss, insomnia, heat intolerance, or rapid heartbeat.
Photo by Shutterstock. Exhausted even though you got your eight hours of how to find social media influencers You might have an autoimmune disease—a condition in which your immune system attacks your own healthy tissue. Here, we unpack disordwrs of the most common autoimmune diseases, their symptoms, and what auotimmune and treatment look like.
Under normal conditions, the immune system protects your body by responding to invading microorganisms, like viruses or bacteria—if your immune system deems anything dangerous, it will produce antibodies to ward off these harmful intruders. With an autoimmune disease, however, your body fails to differentiate between the intruder and your own tissue and turns these antibodies against its own healthy tissue. The specific cells and tissues that your body mistakenly disorcers antibodies against determines what autoimmune disease or diseases you get.
While experts still aren't autpimmune about what causes autoimmune diseases, there are a number of factors that may play a role. For one, there seems to be a what is eminems real name genetic link with many autoimmune diseases—they often run in families. Black and Hispanic women also seem to be at greater risk for certain autoimmune diseases such as lupus.
However, whether certain genes actually get expressed may depend on a host of environmental factors. According to the National Institutes of Health NIHthere are over 80 autoimmune diseases —each of which have a unique set of symptoms that can affect nearly every part of the body.
Here are some relatively common autoimmune diseases and what they might look like. With type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas. This causes your pancreas to stop making insulin—the hormone needed to usher blood sugar blood glucose into your cells—causing your blood sugar levels to rise dangerously above normal.
Thus, insulin is needed daily to keep blood sugar levels in check. While type 1 diabetes is more likely to develop in childhood, it can develop at any age and may be slightly more common in adult men than women unlike most ii autoimmune diseases.
Unlike osteoarthritis, which is often a result of age-related wear and tear on joints, rheumatoid arthritis RA is a result of the immune system attacking healthy joint tissuecausing pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function in areas yow the wrist, hands, feet, spine, knees, and jaw.
It can also cause you to feel unusually tired, lose your dl, or experience occasional fevers. Sometimes, people experience symptom flare-ups after a trigger like stress or too much activity.
This is the most disoredrs type of lupusin which the immune system attacks your skin, joints, and even certain organs like the heart, brain, and lungs. The disotders inflammation caused by lupus can result in symptoms such as fatigue, fevers, joint pain and swelling, and even mouth ulcers and skin ic people with lupus will kow a butterfly-shaped rash over the cheeks and nose a malar rash or other skin irritation that gets worse in the sun.
In more severe cases, people may experience organ problems and even psychological symptoms. Lupus is most likely to develop between the ages of 15 and Stress and certain food triggers which vary depending on the person can also cause symptoms to worsen. This results in an underactive, a. In people with celiac disease, the immune system is extra sensitive to gluten, how long to grill skirt steak protein found in wheat, rye, and barley.
The heightened immune response that occurs after eating gluten creates a cascade of inflammation that damages the delicate villior hair-like projections, lining the small intestine, resulting in intestinal damage that can lead to diarrhea, poor absorption of nutrients, weight loss, fatigue, skin rashes, abdominal pain, and even neurological problems like migraine, irritability, and depression.
Multiple sclerosis MS is an autoimmune disease affecting the nervous system, specifically the brain and spinal cord. It occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath protective covering of nerve cells, causing damage that id or blocks messages between your brain and body. This leads to symptoms such as poor concentration and memory, tingling sensations and numbness, muscle weakness, and vision problems.
MS can autolmmune from mild to severe, hsve preliminary research suggests that improving diet quality by focusing on more whole, minimally processed foods can go a long way in lessening symptoms. MS typically develops between the ages of 20 and Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease primarily affecting the skin, causing skin cells to reproduce faster than they should —in normal healthy skin, it takes about a month for new skin cells to rise to the surface, but with psoriasis, it takes just a few days.
This results in scaly, inflamed, sore patches of skin that can show up anywhere, but often occur on the elbows, knees, legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of feet. Psoriasis also puts you at risk for psoriatic arthritis, which causes joint pain and swelling. Notable psoriasis sufferers include Kim Kardashian, who has been vocal about her struggle with this autoimmune disease. This can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss and loss of appetite, muscle weakness, abdominal pain, irritability, and depression.
Less severe forms of adrenal insufficiency are likely more common. And while the symptoms of different autoimmune diseases can vary greatly, there are often some commonalities—especially what is bologna made up of the early stages of disease. According to the NIH, the first symptoms of autoimmune disease often include fatigue, muscle aches, a low fever, and redness, heat, autiimmune, and swelling in different areas of the body.
Another sign that your symptoms may indicate an autoimmune disease: They come and go—recurring flare-ups followed by periods of improvement are relatively common. These symptoms are most obvious with lupus, but recurring rashes can also occur with other autoimmune diseases, including autoimmume disease.
These are particularly common in RA and lupus, but can occur with nearly any autoimmune disease, possibly—at ddisorders in onow to increased inflammation throughout the body. Hot, puffy, and sore-to-the-touch skin can be a result of the increased systemic inflammation associated with various autoimmune diseases, most notably with RA and lupus.
This can be a result of hormonal imbalances or impaired neurological functioning. When the immune system attacks its own tissue, nerve damage can result, which may autoimmjne tingling, numbness, and prickling sensations. In particular, Hashimoto's thyroiditis seems to be a common hidden cause of fertility struggles.
Changes in symptom severity with periodic flare ups are common with certain autoimmune diseases, including RA, di may be triggered by stress levels, dietary changes, and other lifestyle habits. Diagnosing an autoimmune disease can be tricky, since no single blood test can give you a clear-cut how do i know if i have an autoimmune disorders or no answer.
Typically, an autoimmune disease is diagnosed based on your clinical symptoms—your doc should do a comprehensive medical history—coupled with one or more blood tests. This measures levels of antinuclear antibodies—antibodies that attack healthy proteins within the nucleus of cells. The ANA test is often followed up with another test that looks for specific autoantibodies—for example, if you have inexplicably achy joints, your doctor will likely run a rheumatoid aitoimmune RFsays Autoi,mune.
So, if you're concerned you may have an autoimmune disease, it can be wise to seek out a functional, integrative, or holistic ahtoimmune to help how to make girl fall in love with you your best course of treatment. Often, this type of treatment looks like a combination of dietary and lifestyle changes.
In addition to switching to an anti-inflammatory diet and eliminating potentially irritating foods like gluten and dairy, integrative dietitian Ali Miller, R. Autoimmune diseases encompass a range of conditions with one common factor: For some reason, your immune system is mistakenly attacking your own healthy tissue.
And while there are dozens of different autoimmune diseases whose symptoms can vary wildly, there are some commonalities in the early stages think: aytoimmune, GI distress, and achy jointswhich can help point you in the direction of a diagnosis.
If you think you may have an autoimmune disease, reach out to your doctor ASAP. Addressing the main factors exacerbating your autoimmune disease with some basic diet and lifestyle changes can go a long way in helping you feel better. Want your passion for wellness to change the world?
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Explore Classes. Stephanie Kbow is a writer and editor who has been working for leading health publications for the past 10 years. She received her B. Medical review by Heather Moday, M. Heather Moday, M. Last updated on October 11, In This Article. What is an autoimmune disease? What causes autoimmune disease? Types of autoimmune diseases and their symptoms. Type 1 diabetes.
Rheumatoid arthritis. Systemic lupus erythematosus. Grave's disease. Celiac disease. Multiple sclerosis. Common signs and symptoms of autoimmune disease. Digestive distress and abdominal pain. Recurrent skin rashes. Joint and muscle disroders. Redness, pain, and swelling. Fever without an obvious infection. Fatigue and difficulty concentrating. Weight ddo or weight loss.
Feeling overly hot or overly cold. Hair loss. Numbness or tingling in hands and feet.
Autoimmune Disease Basics
As I mentioned above, autoimmune disease can be tricky to diagnose. For most, specific antibody blood tests, biopsies, or imaging can confirm your suspicions but false negatives aren’t unheard of. The sicker you are and the more your body has degenerated, the easier these diseases are to detect. Studies indicate these diseases likely result from interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Gender, race, and ethnicity characteristics are linked to a likelihood of developing an autoimmune disease. 2 Autoimmune diseases are more common when people are in contact with certain environmental exposures, as described below. Apr 18, · According to the NIH, the first symptoms of autoimmune disease often include fatigue, muscle aches, a low fever, and redness, heat, pain, and swelling in different areas of the body. Another sign that your symptoms may indicate an autoimmune disease: They come and go—recurring flare-ups followed by periods of improvement are relatively common.
Multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis—these are fairly common diagnoses. But what you may not realize is that they all have one thing in common: they are autoimmune diseases. An autoimmune disease occurs when there is a dysfunction in the immune system that causes it to turn against its host.
This causes cell damage that can result in a multitude of symptoms. Here is a list of some of these symptoms; remember, if you have any health concerns, be sure to contact a healthcare professional. Autoimmune diseases cause inflammation. This means that a person with autoimmune disease may suffer from pain in various parts of the body: organs, blood vessels, cartilage, skin, etc.
That said, inflammation is not necessarily a sign of autoimmune disease. See your doctor if you are concerned about this symptom. Rheumatoid arthritis is a form of arthritis that is considered an autoimmune disease. This disease causes the immune system to attack the membrane around the joints. If left untreated, rheumatoid arthritis can cause damage. If you notice any joint deformities, please talk to your doctor.
Weakness can also result from the inflammation and pain that accompany many autoimmune diseases. Jaundice, or the yellowing of the skin, is a liver disorder caused by an excess of bilirubin. Although jaundice is seen in a variety of conditions, it is also a symptom of autoimmune disease. Everybody gets an itch now and again. But if itching is accompanied by severe rashes , particularly on the nose and cheeks , it may indicate a more serious condition. Contact your doctor if you are experiencing this symptom.
In autoimmune diseases that attack the lungs, the immune system turns against the lung tissue and damages it. Breathing issues should always be taken seriously.
See a doctor if you are having difficulty breathing. Swelling or edema is an accumulation of fluid in part of the body. Inflammation and tissue damage caused by autoimmune disease can lead to edema. If you notice sudden swelling in one or more parts of your body, seek professional advice. Autoimmune diseases cause inflammation in one or more organs, which frequently leads to fatigue. This symptom is very common and can also be caused by several other conditions.
When in doubt, see your doctor. For many patients with autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis, difficulty breathing is a common symptom. This may be due to a loss of muscle strength, including the respiratory muscles. Many diseases have generalized pain as a symptom, which may include chest pain.
Sarcoidosis is one of the autoimmune diseases that can cause this symptom. Chest pain is never something to be taken lightly; seek professional help if you experience this symptom. Some autoimmune diseases cause neurological damage , which can result in dizziness. Some even struggle with their balance when walking. Some autoimmune diseases are triggers for gastrointestinal disorders. If you frequently suffer from nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or any other digestive disorder, see your doctor.
Patients with autoimmune disease, especially those suffering from lupus , often become depressed. In some cases this may be caused by neurological damage, which is another symptom of autoimmune disease. Nausea is a common symptom of autoimmune disease. Nausea can be caused by a stomach ulcer, peritonitis, pancreatitis , etc. In addition to diseases that attack the digestive system, other disorders can cause abdominal pain.
This may be due to damage to the neural pathways , for example. Weight loss can be a direct result of nausea and vomiting caused by certain autoimmune diseases. In other cases, it can result from loss of appetite caused by diseases that do not specifically attack the digestive system. Some illnesses, particularly lupus, cause sudden and inexplicable bouts of fever. Depending on the affected system, fever may also be the result of inflammation. Many autoimmune diseases, especially those that attack the digestive system , can cause anemia.
Because of the damage they cause in the intestines, nutrients are poorly absorbed, which can lead to deficiencies. When the brain, spinal cord, or nerves are affected by autoimmune disease, patients may experience delusional episodes that are sometimes accompanied by hallucinations.
When this type of symptom occurs, call a doctor right away. Autoimmune diseases can be fatal. Although there are ways to minimize symptoms, they remain the third most common type of disease leading to death in the industrialized world, after cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Bill on single-game sports passes third reading — but not for first time. Ad Chefs Plate. Ad FIXD. Auto Rotation On. Full Screen. Microsoft and partners may be compensated if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. Pain Autoimmune diseases cause inflammation. Joint deformities Rheumatoid arthritis is a form of arthritis that is considered an autoimmune disease.
Slideshow continues on the next slide. Jaundice Jaundice, or the yellowing of the skin, is a liver disorder caused by an excess of bilirubin. Itching Everybody gets an itch now and again.
Difficulty breathing In autoimmune diseases that attack the lungs, the immune system turns against the lung tissue and damages it. Swelling Swelling or edema is an accumulation of fluid in part of the body. Fatigue Autoimmune diseases cause inflammation in one or more organs, which frequently leads to fatigue.
Shortness of breath For many patients with autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis, difficulty breathing is a common symptom. Chest pain Many diseases have generalized pain as a symptom, which may include chest pain. Balance disorders Some autoimmune diseases cause neurological damage , which can result in dizziness. Intestinal disorders Some autoimmune diseases are triggers for gastrointestinal disorders.
Depression Patients with autoimmune disease, especially those suffering from lupus , often become depressed. Nausea Nausea is a common symptom of autoimmune disease. Abdominal pain In addition to diseases that attack the digestive system, other disorders can cause abdominal pain. Weight loss Weight loss can be a direct result of nausea and vomiting caused by certain autoimmune diseases.
Fever Some illnesses, particularly lupus, cause sudden and inexplicable bouts of fever. Anemia Many autoimmune diseases, especially those that attack the digestive system , can cause anemia. Delirium When the brain, spinal cord, or nerves are affected by autoimmune disease, patients may experience delusional episodes that are sometimes accompanied by hallucinations. Death Autoimmune diseases can be fatal. Did you find the story interesting? Like us on Facebook to see similar stories.
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